Wednesday, August 31, 2011

My New Article, "Globalizing Insurgency in Somalia," Published at Yale Global

I have a new article at Yale Global, an e-magazine published by the Center for the Study of Globalization at Yale University, "Globalizing Insurgency in Somalia," about transnational recruitment by the Somali Islamist insurgent movement Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen ("Al-Shabab," "Al-Shabaab", Movement of the Warrior-Youth).

The abstract of the article reads:

"The Somali Al Qaeda–linked insurgent movement al-Shabab has ruled most of southern and central Somalia, including the capital city of Mogadishu, since mid-2008. Originating as the most radical wing of the military arm of the Islamic Courts Union coalition, the movement delivered relative law and order and peace to Somalia in 2006. Since then, al-Shabab has moved ideologically closer to the transnational Sunni jihadi trend exemplified by Al Qaeda. In need of fighters, al-Shabab has recruited members of Somali diaspora communities in North America, Europe, East Africa, the Arab world, and Australia as well as non-Somali Muslims, explains Christopher Anzalone. With severe drought gripping the entire regions, tens of thousands of Somalis stream toward the southern border, both official and makeshift refugee camps. Al-Shabab’s relief efforts are inadequate and old grudges with some international food programs add to an overwhelming crisis. But recruitment from the Somali diaspora continues."

Read the rest at YALE GLOBAL.

Sunday, August 14, 2011

My New Article, "Dangerous Liaison? Evaluating Relations between Al-Shabab and Al-Qaeda," Published at openDemocracy

I have a new article, "Dangerous Liaison? Evaluating Relations between Al-Shabab and Al-Qaeda," that was published yesterday at openDemocracy. It examines the historical praise and probable relations and known communications between the Somali Islamist-insurgent movement Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen (Movement of the Warrior-Youth, Al-Shabaab) and Al-Qa'ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) based in Yemen.

The introductory paragraph reads:

"The Obama administration’s July announcement of its capture and secret two-month detention and interrogation of a young Somali man, Ahmed Abdul Qaadir Warsame, has renewed discussion about the possible links between the powerful Somali Islamist insurgent movement Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen (Movement of the Warrior-Youth, hereafter “Al-Shabab”) and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), the Yemen-based organization that has proven itself to be the most capable of striking far outside of its base of operations. Warsame is charged in the U.S. Southern District of New York with nine counts, including providing material support to Al-Shabab and AQAP and receiving military training from the latter. U.S. authorities also allege that he was an Al-Shabab leader, though his name has not come up in this author’s research into the Somali insurgent movement. Reports, citing unnamed U.S. officials, have emerged that he was also in communication with Anwar al-Awlaki, the militant American Muslim preacher who is either affiliated with or a member of AQAP. Considering the new attention to the relationship between Al-Shabab and AQAP, it is well worth reviewing and critically evaluating their past communications."
Read the full article at openDemocracy.