Tuesday, February 22, 2011

IN PICTURES: Lebanon's Hizbullah Commemorates its "Martyr-Leaders," the Triumphant Nation

"Leader-Martyrs...Triumphant Ummah (Nation/Community)"

The Lebanese Twelver Shi'i political party Hizbullah (Hezbollah, Hizballah) recently marked the annual commemoration of its "martyr-leaders," al-Sayyid 'Abbas al-Musawi, Shaykh Ragheb Harb, and 'Imad Mughniyyah.


Shaykh Ragheb Harb was a Lebanese Twelver Shi'i cleric who was one of the early leaders of a local militia in southern Lebanon (Jabal 'Amil) that eventually joined Hizbullah when the movement was formed between 1982-1985. Hizbullah announced its existence publicly in a February 1985 "open letter." Harb was assassinated by the Israeli military on February 16, 1984.

Al-Sayyid 'Abbas Musawi was the second secretary-general of Hizbullah. He studied Twelver Shi'i jurisprudence in the prestigious al-Hawza al-'Ilmiyyah (seminary) of the Shi'i holy city of al-Najaf in Iraq. He was assassinated in an Israeli air strike on February 16, 1992 with his wife, young son, and four other people.

'Imad Mughniyyah was Hizbullah's senior military commander and is believed to have been one of the masterminds of the movement's kidnapping and hijacking campaign against Europeans and Americans during the 1980s. He was assassinated by an unknown party on February 12, 2008. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, Israel's Mossad, Syrian intelligence services, internal Hizbullah elements, and even the Jordanian intelligence services have been blamed for his assassination. Hizbullah accused Israel. The U.S. Bush Administration suggested it may have been an internal Hizbullah power struggle or Syria. Dr. Humam al-Balawi, the Jordanian-Palestinian medical doctor who blew himself up and killed seven CIA agents and a Jordanian intelligence officer in December 2009 accused the Jordanian intelligence services of a role.

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