Fadlallah on artificial fertilization , the "Relationship between Religion and Medicine," Part I and Part II, contraceptives, and cloning.
By Morgan Clark
Anthropology Today, Vol. 22, No. 5 [October 2006]
لصَديقي عَلي "القَصير"; هُوَ يَكونُ طَبيباً في المُستَقبَل، إن شاء الله
"Lebanon has a thriving and diverse reproductive medical sector: procedures are practized that have aroused much ethical controversy, such as those using donor eggs and sperm. Sunni 'ulama [religious scholars and jurists] have reached a broad consensus on these matters, and do not allow donor procedures. However, Shi'ite authorities allow their followers these controversial treatments, but have evolved concomitant rulings that entail surprising new patterns of kinship relations."
READ THE FULL ARTICLE HERE.
Morgan Clark, who completed his Doctor of Philosophy degree at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology at Oxford University, provides a brief but fascinatingly detailed about the approaches of several major Twelver Shi'i 'ulama on the permissibility of new reproductive technologies. These include the senior Shi'i religious authority in Lebanon, who has a sizeable following in the Arab Gulf states, Grand Ayatullah al-Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah, Iranian supreme leader (rahbar-e jamhuri-ye Islami] al-Sayyid 'Ali Khamenei, and two of Iraq's resident grand ayatullahs, al-Sayyid 'Ali Husayni al-Sistani and al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim.
The title "al-sayyid," for Twelver Shi'is particularly, denotes descent from the Prophet Muhammad's family through a particular line, that of the first Shi'i Imam, 'Ali ibn Abu Talib, and his wife, Fatima al-Zahra, and even more specifically through the sub-line from their youngest son, the third Shi'i Imam, Husayn. In Arabic, the word "sayyid" has a more general meaning too, that of "monsieur," in French, or "sir."