Presented here are a collection of interesting photographs of the late Iraqi Arab Ayatullah al-Sayyid al-Shahid (the Martyr) Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim, who was assassinated on August 23, 2003 by a massive vehicle bomb, believed to have been set by the then-fledgling organization of Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi (then called Tawhid wa'l Jihad, or "Unity [of God] and Struggle, and later renamed al-Qa'ida in the Land of the Two Rivers, though its actual ties to Usama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri were/are probably quite limited). Baqir al-Hakim was leader of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (SIIC), then named the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq, an anti-Saddam Husayn and Iraqi Ba'th party composed primarily of Iraqi Shi'i exiles living in Iran. According to scholar Faleh A. Jabar, the SIIC was originally conceived as a party where all Iraqi opposition groups (to use the ridiculous divisionary jargon: "Sunni, Shi'i, and Kurd") would be grouped under a single governing council, which was actively supported by Iran's revolutionary guide, Grand Ayatullah al-Sayyid Ruhollah Khumayni. Despite the SIIC's Khumaynist beginnings, an Iraqi source, who is related to a former Iraqi government senior representative, has told me that Baqir al-Hakim's political goals for Iraq had evolved to include representative national elections, as opposed to the imposition of a reactionary theocracy, such as exists in modern day Iran. Tragically, he was murdered by extremists a mere three months after returning to his homeland from over two decades in exile.
An encyclopedia article draft on Baqir al-Hakim is posted below the photographs. It will appear in the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Modern Middle East Wars from ABC-CLIO.
Iraqi Arab ayatollah (1944-2003; some sources say he was born in 1939) and founding leader of the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq, SCIRI, (since renamed and hereafter referred to as the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, SIIC), one of the two largest Iraqi Shi‘i political parties. His father was Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim (1889-1970), the preeminent Shi‘i religious scholar and authority in
Muhammad Baqir was a well-known Shi‘i activist throughout the 1960s and 1970s, and was arrested, tortured, and imprisoned in 1972 and again from February 1977 to July 1979. He left Iraq for Iran with his brother Abd al-Aziz and thousands of other Iraqi Shi‘is, mainly political activists, in 1980 following the execution of Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his sister, Amina bint Haydar al-Sadr (also known as Bint al-Huda), in April and the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88) in September. In November 1982, he announced the formation of the SIIC, which initially was envisioned as an umbrella organization which brought together the various Iraqi exiled opposition movements. The SIIC eventually was transformed into its own political party, as other parties broke away over policy and ideological disputes. Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhollah Khomeini,
During his 23 years in exile, Muhammad Baqir built up the SIIC’s networks among the tens of thousands of Iraqi exiles living in
In his public pronouncements and interviews, Muhammad Baqir was supportive of the role of the Marja‘iyya, the informal council of