Friday, August 31, 2007

Mecca al-Mukarramah (The Blessed)


The Station of Ibrahim (Abraham)
Construction at the Grand Mosque in Mecca.

ALL PHOTOGRAPHS COPYRIGHT BY CHRISTOPHER ANZALONE

Medina al-Munawwarah (The Radiant)

The green dome over the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad in the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina at sunset.


The Mosque of the Prophet in Medina after 'Isha prayers.
ALL PHOTOGRAPHS COPYRIGHT BY CHRISTOPHER ANZALONE

Saturday, August 18, 2007

Pakistan Celebrates 60 Years of Independence

Ceremonies are taking place across Pakistan as the nation celebrates 60 years since the end of British colonial rule.

Saturday, August 11, 2007

Grand Ayatullah Fadlallah's Fatwa Against 'Honor Killings': The Text

August 1, 2007

"A vicious phenomenon, that of the so called 'crimes of honour', is on the rise in more than one country in the Arab and Muslim worlds, especially in Palestine, Jordan and Lebanon. Some men tend to kill their daughters, sisters, wives and female relatives, under the pretext that they had committed acts that harm chastity and honour.

"While on the contrary, those men are not enraged when their male relatives commit such acts. As if chastity is a duty that is should be observed by the woman only.

"In fact, 'honor crimes' are based on the male tribal mentality that is still controlling the minds of many people, and not on a sense of honour or dignity.

"I view 'the crime of honour' as a repulsive act, condemned and prohibited by religion. It is also a full crime whose perpetrator must be punished without any commutations. That is because these crimes are committed without any sound evidence from the juristic point of view and are mostly based on suspicions. Hence, the man, whether he was the husband, father, brother, or the male relative does not have the authority to take the law into one's own hands or to punish the woman, which should be the authority of the just judicial power.

"Those who commit such crimes must be punished in this life. This crime is also considered a one of the Kabair (severe sins) whose perpetrator deserves to enter Hellfire in the afterlife."

Friday, August 03, 2007

Lebanese Grand Ayatullah Fadlallah Condemns 'Honor' Killings


By HUSSEIN DAKROUB Associated Press Writer

August 02,2007 | BEIRUT, Lebanon -- Lebanon's most senior Shi'i Muslim cleric issued a religious edict Thursday banning honor killings, calling the custom of murdering a female relative for sexual misconduct "a repulsive act."

The fatwa by Grand Ayatullah Muhammed Husayn Fadlallah was a rare condemnation of the practice by a prominent cleric. Fadlallah's office said he issued the statement in response to reports that honor killings were increasing.

"I view an honor crime as a repulsive act, condemned and prohibited by religion," Fadlallah, the most revered religious authority for Lebanon's 1.2 million Shi'a, said in a statement faxed to The Associated Press.

In the poorer and more traditional sectors of Middle East society, women are often seen as bearers of the clan's honor and any sex out of wedlock -- or sometimes even just dating -- is seen as an indelible stain on the family's reputation that can only be cleansed with blood.

While such killings are illegal in Arab countries, perpetrators often go unpunished or receive light sentences.

"In so-called honor crimes, some men kill their daughters, sisters, wives or female relatives on the pretext that they committed acts that harm chastity and honor," said Fadlallah, warning that the practice was on the rise. "These crimes are committed without any religious evidence."

Honor crimes are rarely reported in Lebanon and there are no official figures. But Hani 'Abdullah, Fadlallah's spokesman, said the phenomenon "has reached a dangerous level," according to reports that Fadlallah's office had received.

He said honor crimes have been reported recently in Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Iran and Lebanon.

Religious condemnation of the practice is rare and the office of Lebanon's top Sunni cleric said he did not recall any such fatwa being issued in the past. Religious leaders in neighboring Jordan have also remained silent on the issue.

The practice has come under particular scrutiny in Jordan, where it is estimated that some 20 women are killed every year by their male relatives, prompting international rights organizations to appeal to the country's ruler, King 'Abdullah II.

The Jordanian government has urged judges to consider the killings as homicides and punishable by up to 15 years in prison, but many courts still hand down lenient sentences.

Attempts to introduce harsher sentences for honor killings have been blocked in Jordan's parliament by predominantly conservative Bedouin lawmakers.

The overwhelmingly Sunni populations of Jordan and the Palestinian territories are unlikely to heed to Fadlallah's fatwa, but the 69-year-old cleric does have followers among Shiites in Iraq.